Selasa, 17 Mei 2011



Type General purpose machine gun
Place of origin  Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1961–present
Used by See Users
Wars Vietnam War
Cambodian Civil War
Cambodian–Vietnamese War
Soviet war in Afghanistan
First Chechen War

Second Chechen War
Iraq War
War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
Cambodian–Thai border stand-off
various others
Production history
Designer Mikhail Kalashnikov
Designed 1961
Manufacturer Vyatskie Polyany Machine-Building Plant «Molot»
Produced RPK: 1961–1978
RPK-74: 1974-present
Variants RPKN, RPKS, RPKSN, RPK-74, RPK-74N, RPKS-74, RPKS-74N
Weight RPK: 4.8 kg (10.6 lb)
RPKS: 5.1 kg (11 lb)
RPK-74: 4.7 kg (10 lb)
RPKS-74: 4.85 kg (10.7 lb)
Length RPK, RPKS: 1,040 mm (40.9 in)
RPKS: 820 mm (32.3 in) stock folded
RPK-74, RPKS-74: 1,060 mm (41.7 in)
RPKS-74: 845 mm (33.3 in) stock folded
Barrel length 590 mm (23.2 in)

Cartridge RPK, RPKS: 7.62x39mm M43
RPK-74, RPKS-74: 5.45x39mm M74
Action Gas operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire 600 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity RPK, RPKS: 745 m/s (2,444 ft/s)
RPK-74, RPKS-74: 960 m/s (3,149.6 ft/s)
Effective range 100–1,000 m sight adjustments
Feed system RPK, RPKS: 40-round curved magazine, 75-round drum magazine
RPK-74, RPKS-74: 45-round box magazine, 100-round plastic drum magazine, belt ammunition (with side mounted belt feed device)
Sights Front: semi-shrouded front post, rear: sliding tangent with adjustable notch
Sight radius: 555 mm (21.9 in)

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